What Are The 5 Phases of Construction?

At The BOLD Company, we understand that a new construction process is overwhelming to any homeowner. Because there are several phases of construction, it is important to define these. There are so many questions that seem unanswered and there is always one question that is asked again and again. When will my custom home be completed? After all of the initial paperwork has been signed and there is an official contract, a building permit must be obtained. Then, depending on the time of year, weather can sometimes influence the new construction process. In fact, after the start of construction, there may be times when it seems that no work is being done on your home. However, we can assure you that your home is being properly attended to.

It Is A Process

Typically, there are 5 phases of construction to a custom home. Let us break them down for you.

PHASE 1: Excavation/Foundation

men pouring the basement floor
Basement Concrete Pouring

In an ideal situation, this stage goes rather quickly.  Inclement weather, however, can slow this process down considerably.  Items to be completed during this phase are:

  • Stake Out – Meet the homeowner on the lot and review house position
  • Excavation – Digging the hole for footings and foundation
  • Outside Sewer – Tying into public lines or septic system
  • Footing – Concrete base on which the foundation wall rests
  • Gravel — Filled around footing and under basement slab for drainage purposes
  • Foundation – Concrete poured into foundation form panels or concrete block
  • Waterproofing – Bituminous water sealer sprayed on portion of foundation to be backfilled and the installation of the drain tile piping
  • Termite Treatment – Application of spray prior to concrete slabs
  • Grade and Pour Basement Slabs – Placing and finishing of concrete floors.

PHASE 2: Framing/Rough Mechanics

This is the phase where things really appear to take shape. In the framing stage you will see:

rough-in walk through
Rough-In Walk Through
  • Framing – Flooring, walls, and roof structure
  • Windows and Doors – Window and door units installed.
  • Utility Lines – (Underground) Electric, water, gas, etc.
  • Shingles – Covering roof structure for weather protection
  • Foundation Backfill – Placing soil around the foundation walls.  (if applicable)
  • Plumbing – Piping for water supply and lines for waste
  • Heating – Installation of furnace, heat supply lines, return air lines and vent lines
  • Electric – Wiring for electrical outlets, switches, etc.
  • Insulation – Fiberglass wall batts in exterior wall cavities
  • Rough-in Walk Through – Builder reviews all work performed to this point, ensuring that it is per plan and at or above quality standards.  Your Supervisor will contact you as the homeowner giving you the opportunity to review work performed thus far to ensure that it is per your plan.  This is also a good time to discuss finish dates.

PHASE 3: Drywall

This is another phase that shows progress rather quickly.  Furthermore, rooms are separated and divided, giving you the visual effect of each space.  Here’s what happens during this phase:

  • Drywall Hang – Gypsum board is fastened to walls and ceiling members.
  • Drywall Finish – This is done in several stages.  Pliable gypsum compound is placed at seams and corners and is then allowed to dry to a hard finish and given the desired finish.
  • Outside Trim – Trim boards on exterior of home are installed as per plan elevation.
  • Insulate Ceiling – Blowing wool is blown on flat ceiling portions after drywall installation.
  • Rough Grade – Lot is graded for drainage and for placement of concrete drive, patios, walks, etc.

PHASE 4: Finish/Finish Mechanics

Finished carpentry with white cabinets, grey counters, and stainless steel appliances.
Finished Kitchen

This is probably one of the more exciting phases.  You will see the highly visible products you have chosen and will live within your new home.  The items covered in this phase are:

  • Finish Carpentry – Kitchen and bath cabinetry, countertops, mirrors, medicine cabinets, doors and trim, banister rails, baseboards and moldings, etc.
  • Outside Concrete – Driveway, porches, walks, patios, etc.
  • Interior Paint – Trim, garage door, front door and other service doors are painted per selections.
  • Kitchen Appliances – Appliances are installed per selections.
  • Hard Flooring – Vinyl, ceramic, and/or hardwood are installed per selections.
  • Plumbing Finish – Faucets, showerheads, supply lines to faucets, completion of waste line sink traps, commodes, etc. are installed.
  • Electrical Finish – Switches, plug and plate covers, light fixtures, etc. are installed.
  • Heating Finish – Return air grill covers, supply register covers, thermostat, outdoor air/heat pump unit, etc. are installed.
  • Final Grade – Yard is graded to finish grade, seed is sown and straw is put down.
  • Carpet – Carpet and padding per selections are installed.

PHASE 5: Final Stage

Finally, we are at the last phase.  During this stage, finishing touches are added, inspections scheduled and completed.  Basically, after your maintenance orientation and closing, you will be moving in.  The items of this final stage are:

  • Cleaning – A professional cleaning of windows, floorings, baths, light fixtures, kitchens, etc.
  • Builder Inspection – The Builder reviews the home for completion of work as outlined by the production technician in his survey.
  • Home Maintenance Orientation – Your supervisor will review your home assuring quality is at or above standards.  He will then schedule a Maintenance Instruction Walk Through with you giving you the opportunity to review the work done in your home and to review the maintenance necessary to keep your house working properly.

* Exterior Phases, including brick, siding, and exterior concrete, are completed as weather and scheduling permit between Phases 2 and 4.

Are You Ready To Build Your Home?

Contact BOLD today to discuss your custom home options and further questions on the phases of construction. We can construct the floor plan of your dreams and we build both two-story and ranch-style homes. Do you want to learn more about the phases of construction and all things new construction?